The best way to start the search for your wheelset is to go on the Internet and find out what sort of wheelsets other riders have been using. See what sort of things they are talking about, and use this information to narrow down the options that you have.
You first need to decide whether you want hub or chain guides. Hubs can be either internally or externally powered. In a hub setup, the spindle that the wheel assembly is secured to is fixed to the hub. The hub acts as the hub bearing, and the chain and hub threads run parallel to one another. The benefit of hub mounted wheels is that the chain and hub are fixed so they don’t move when you make a turn.
A Geared Hub
If you are going to have a geared hub, then the wheel should also have a set of spokes that are directly attached to the hub. These spokes are fed through a series of gears that move the wheels around. Spokes are not essential for getting a top speed ride, but they do add stiffness to the suspension system. Many times aftermarket wheels feature a reinforced spoke hub that has been reinforced with Kevlar or carbon fiber inside.
You’ll notice that there are a number of different rim types to choose from, including alloy, chrome, steel, and training wheels. Alloy wheels are the most popular due to their light weight, yet durable design. Chrome rims are nice for those who like a unique design, but they tend to be the most breakable component of the bike. Steel rims are strong and tend to be a little more expensive than chrome counterparts.
The Braking Surface Of The Bike
Next on the list is the braking surface of the bike. When looking at the bike frame and wheel, you will see a BBB (bracing bulletin board) and its size corresponds to the size of the tire it will fit. You can tell if a bike has a good braking surface by its front brake calipers. If you have small calipers, then you’re probably riding on a small front wheel. A training wheel will offer a wider, softer braking surface, perfect for beginners or women who may not be experienced enough to handle a wide, aggressive riding style.
When you get to the spoked wheel, you will find a variety of spokes to choose from as well. A double-sided spoke is best for a bike with an extended handlebar. These offer the most aerodynamic fit because there are two sets of flaps to direct the air away from the tire. A three-sided spoke is perfect for an indoor riding experience. These offer the best balance between her grip and stiffness, and they are also usually stiffer than a double-sided. If you plan to use your bike for commuting, you should choose a one-sided wheel for commuting.
Rims Provide Strength And Stiffness
Finally, you have the rims. Rims provide strength and stiffness and have to have a seal so that the rim stays in place and doesn’t lose grip. It is important that you match the size and type of rims to your bike’s wheels, because they do not share the same design features.
The right rim gives your bike the optimal grip for road and mountain biking alike and will also make your ride safer and more comfortable. There are lots of choices in rims and every size can benefit from having a rim that is built for strength and stiffness.
For mountain bikers, a larger diameter rim will reduce the tire’s contact with the road and increase traction, which is great for those tight switchbacks up to the mountain. But for road cyclists, a smaller diameter rim offers strength and reduces the contact patch of the tire. Having these two things in a set means that you get the most out of your tires.